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Publisher: Frontline Books: Illustrated with colour photographs and illustrations; pages View more info. Illustrated with colour photographs and illustrations,. Publisher: Greenhill Books: Volume One only. Hardback; top edge of spine pulled due to weight, otherwise very good in red cloth decorated boards.
By: Esdaile, C. From Reason to Revolution No. Includes line and light infantry, cavalry, artillery, garrison and security forces. By: Fabb, J. Publisher: Batsford: Hardback; very good in chipped and creased dustjacket. By: Gayda, M. Summerfield, S. French text with brief English captions to the plates. By: Haythornthwaite, P. Publisher: Blandford Press: Hardback; yellowing to edge of pages otherwise very good in yellowed and price-clipped dustjacket.
Publisher: Almark: Paperback; indentation to some pages otherwise good in dented and lightly creased card covers. With 12 uniform plates, 6 in colour. By: Jouineau, A.
Mckay, A. Officers and Soldiers Series 7. Paperback; blemish to edge of pages otherwise very good in card covers. Publisher: Heimdal: A guide to the uniforms worn from With colour uniform illustrations by Andre Jouineau. An updated and much enlarged edition of the author's previous work. First published in French in 'Soldat - les uniformes de l'histoire militaire du Monde'. A guide to the uniforms. Aragon The Zaragoza units are illustrated in Plate A.
Many other shortlived Zaragoza units were raised during the second siege, such as the Husares de Palafox formed in December and disbanded on 21 February , the day of the city's surrender. Elsewhere, the Volunteers of Teruel had two tercios; the 1st Tercio wore a blue jacket with scarlet collar, cuffs and front piping, buff breeches, and a black round hat with a brass plate bearing the city crest; the 2nd Tercio had violet instead of scarlet facings.
They took the old. Spanish name of tercio, in reference to the famous infantry of the 16th century; each tercio was generally similar in size to a battalion. Andalucia The important port city of Cadiz was besieged by the French from to The Urban Militia of 20 companies of men each was mobilised to support the regular troops, and wore blue faced with red. They were joined by many volunteers - see accompanying illustrations.
The battalion of Voluntarios de la Real Maestranza de Ronda was raised at Malaga in June , and wore a blue coatee with blue collar, scarlet cuffs and lapels, yellow buttonhole lace at cuffs and lapels, brass buttons, a white waistcoat and pantaloons, and a black round hat with red plume. In July the Voluntarios de Honor de la Real Junta de Malaga had a blue coat with red facings, buff breeches, half-boots, and a black round hat trimmed with gold.
In Sevilla, on 28 May , five battalions of volunteers were raised and a sixth on 1 June. Only the uniform of the 6th Battalion is known: a brown coatee and breeches, green collar, cuffs and epaulettes, brass buttons, and a round hat with a short red plume. The Guardia Patria de Caballeria was a squadron of three companies of volunteer cavalrymen organized in Sevilla from 28 May Their duties were to escort the Central Junta and its leaders, and to serve as messengers carrying the Junta's decrees.
It was probably dissolved at the same time as the Junta in The uniform was the same as the royal guard, the Guardia de Corps, the bandoleer being scarlet with silver lace. Incorporated into the Montesa Cavalry Regiment in , the Carmona Lancers wore a brown jacket, and gaiter trousers, green collar piped in white, arrowhead-style pointed cuffs and elbow patches, while buttonhole lace on the chest, pewter buttons, a white multi-pointed star on the collar, and a round hat with while headband and cockade loop.
Catalonia Tercios of volunteers styled Miqueletes were raised in Catalonia from 15 May At least 28 tercios were raised, most having about men and being named after a locality. In many instances there were several tercios from a single town and its area, numbered e. All the tercios were incorporated into the 1st and 2nd Catalonian Legions on 7 November , or else were lost at the fall of Gerona on 10 December The dress of the units was recommended to be of the same colour, and styled in a fashion pleasing to the youths making up the units.
Some units' uniforms are known. The 1st Tercio of Gerona had a brown jacket with cuff flaps and brown pantaloons, scarlet collar, cuffs and piping on the pantaloons, seven black hussar-style cords on the breast of the jacket, alpargatas sandals, and a round hat with a red plume. The 2nd Tercio had blue facings instead of scarlet, and the 3rd had green.
The tercios of Vich had blue jackets and pantaloons, scarlet cuffs and piping, and a round hat with red and white plume. A corps of Voluntarios de la Defensa de Barcelona was organized from 10 October It wore a scarlet coatee with yellow collar, cuffs and lapels, white lace edging the collar, cuffs and lapels, white buttonhole lace on the lapels, pewter buttons, tight white pantaloons piped. Officer of the Voluntarios Distinguidos de Cadiz, First raised with four companies from 2 June , this unit expanded to four battalions of five companies each, mobilising nearly 2, men on 3 February It became a regiment on 3 February , and served until the end of the war.
The dress uniform was a scarlet coatee with green collar, cuffs and lapels, a narrow scarlet pointed collar patch, white piping, silver buttons, a white waistcoat and trousers, and a bicorn with a red pompon. RIGHT Officer of the Voluntarios Distinguidos de Cadiz, , in a different service uniform brown, with buff lapels and collar and scarlet cuffs, the latter changing to buff In The jokers in Cadiz soon nicknamed their volunteers the Guacamayos after the colourful local macaws.
Officer of the Voluntarios Distinguidos de Cadiz, , wearing the service dress: a brown coatee and trousers, scarlet collar and cuffs, silver cords, epaulettes, lace and buttons, a black shako with silver lace and plate with redover-white plume. From 7 November the troops serving permanently, especially the miqueletes, were reorganized in Lerida into an army of four Catalonian Legions. Each was led by a general officer and had two sections of infantry, a company of sappers, a company of infantry serving the artillery and two squadrons of light cavalry.
A uniform is illustrated on Plate E. On 29 May General O'Donnell ordered the formation of Corregimiento municipal units in Catalonia, generally consisting of two companies of light infantry tiradores per town. They were raised from volunteers who served for six months sometime longer , and occasionally from regular line infantry units.
On 13 November General Lacy ordered the reorganization of the corregimientos with the Reserve Army of Catalonia, each of the 14 units having five men companies. Uniforms were not obligatory, but many wore a brown jacket without tails and with scarlet lapels, collar and cuffs, a scarlet waistcoat, brown breeches, brown leather gaiters, alpartagas sandals and a round hat. In November a new uniform was ordered, with each of the 14 town units assigned its own facing colour. This complicated system was apparently not adopted in practice, and the uniform worn was a brown jacket with scarlet collar and cuffs, with the town initials as a collar badge, and other items as before.
The Voluntarios Almogavares Battalion was raised in Ampurdan in the Gerona area during June , the men in each company being armed with muskets except for six with a halberd and a blunderbuss, and two with an axe and a blunderbuss. Six men per company were mounted. The battalion was incorporated into the line infantry a year later. Uniforms were a blue jacket and breeches, scarlet piping, and a plain shako. Officers had a single-breasted coat with long tails, gold epaulettes and buttons. Galicia The Milica Honrada de la Corua companies organized in wore scarlet coatees with green collars, cuffs and lapels piped white, brass buttons, the city's Tower of Hercules badge at the collar, and a round hat with a red plume.
A Batallon Literario was formed from 22 June at Santiago de Compostela, the famous shrine of pilgrimage, from professors and students of the university; it had six companies of cadets escolasticos, and was considered a light infantry unit. The uniform was a brown jacket and pantaloons, brown pointed cuffs piped yellow, yellow collar and aiguillette, brass buttons, and a round hat with a yellow band bearing the motto 'Viva Fernando VII'. By the middle of the French had invaded much of Galicia and dispersed the regulars and volunteers. To counter the invaders, the Alarma Gallega Galician Alarm was established in almost every village and hamlet of the seven provinces of Galicia.
Some would embody temporarily to watch French movements and take occasional shots at them. Artillery was sometimes used, and the Alarma had up to light mountain pieces served by artillery detachments, some in uniform see Plate F. The Alarma gradually dissolved from at the French retreated from north-western Spain. Navarra At the beginning of the war in the Volunteers of Pamplona wore brown coatees and breeches, with a scarlet collar, cuffs, cuff flaps. With the French occupation Navarra became the domain of the powerful guerrilla bands under Espoz y Mina, so that many volunteers were part of his units.
Valencia Militia and Volunteers The Milicias Honrada del Reina de Valencia consisted of four battalions of militia formed in the city of Valencia by order of General Jose Caro at the end of ; a fifth Batallon de la Universitad was raised in at the university. Each battalion included a company of artillery. The uniform was a brown coatee with a red collar, cuffs and lapels piped white, red turnbacks, brass buttons, a white waistcoat, and black breeches. The 5th Battalion had a brass collar badge bearing the crest of the university. From May and in , several light infantry volunteer units were raised in Valencia such as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Cazadores de Valencia, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Cazadores de Orihuela, the Cazadores de Segorbe, and the Voluntarios de Alicante.
From the latter part of to French forces occupied the area in strength and most units were wiped out. The 1st Cazadores de Valencia survived until March , when it was incorporated into the Reina Regiment. There appears to be little information on the specific dress of units. The light infantry wore a mixture of uniform and traditional rural folk dress consisting of a shako with a brass plate, red cords and bands, a blue jacket with a scarlet collar and pointed cuffs, blue wings criss-crossed with red tape, a red sash, white linen kilts zaragelles instead of pantaloons, long stockings and alpartagas sandals see illustration on page Offshore Islands and Presidios Canary Islands The islands had their own regular battalion as well as units of provincial and local militias.
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The man regular Canarias Battalion went to Cadiz in , and became a regiment with a single battalion of six companies on 1 July It fought at Talavera in , Albuera in , Castalla in , and grew to eight companies with the addition of a company of grenadiers and a cazador company on 8 May See the illustrations on pages 40 and 41 for uniform. In the Provincial Militia organized an elite grenadier battalion.
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Its first uniform was a blue jacket and breeches, scarlet collar and cuffs, black gaiters, and a round hat with a red plume. Pacheco shows the grenadiers in wearing white and brown see the illustrations on page In the islanders sent the regular battalion and the grenadiers as reinforcements to Cadiz during March and April. Following the departure of these troops a Distinguished Militia Volunteer Battalion was raised in ; this wore a blue coatee and cuffs, with white lapels piped scarlet, scarlet collar and piping edging the cuffs, a round hat with a red plume at the left, and black accoutrements.
Mallorca This island was relatively untouched by the war until early when the British organized a large Spanish division under General Whittingham. It became a base to aid patriots on the mainland, the troops trained there eventually being landed in eastern Spain. On 1 July the regiment's battalions were reorganized, each having four companies of fusiliers,. Officer of the Artilleros Distinguidos de Cadiz, Two companies were raised from 26 September , and wore blue coatees and trousers with crimson collars, lapels and cuffs, white piping, silver epaulettes, gold buttons, and black shakos with gold lace and plates and red plumes.
This onecompany unit was raised in February ; the title of Bombardiers would Indicate that it specialized in serving mortars. The service dross was a brown coatee and trousers with buff collar, cuffs and lapels, scarlet piping to facings and edges, gold epaulettes and buttons, and a black shako with gold lace and plate and a green-over-yellow pompon. It was reduced to one battalion in , which probably reflected the actual strength.
The regimental dress apparently did not change, as the same uniform is recorded in the registers of and white coatee with white lapels, green collar, cuffs and piping, and pewter buttons. This untitled figure may be a captain of the Cadiz Artillery serving Extramuros, or outside the walls, in He wears a white jacket and trousers, gold buttons and epaulettes, and a black round hat with a white or silver band. Its graduates were commissioned in the Armies of Aragon and Navarra. Uniforms were coats of 'corinth' a dark red with a brownish hue with a scarlet collar, pointed cuffs and lapels, white turnbacks, white buttonholes on the lapels two on each side of the collar - without buttons , white piping edging the lapels, cuffs and shoulder straps, silver buttons; white breeches, long black gaiters, and a black leather helmet with a black caterpillar crest, a narrow silver band, no plate, and a red plume; Real Colegio de Preferentes de Granada Raised in from students of the university of Granada and housed in the convent of San Augustin; 36 officers graduated in late Incorporated into the Toledo school at Sevilla in early The uniform was a blue single-breasted coat and cuff flaps, green collar, red cuffs, white turnbacks, with white piping edging facings and front, silver buttons, aiguillette and epaulettes without fringes; while breeches, black long gaiters, and a bicorn.
Colegio Militar de San Carlos Also called Colegio General Militar and formed in Cadiz in from the Sevilla military schools, it consisted of cadets, six companies of infantry, a company of cavalry and two guns for artillery drills. Uniforms were blue coatees with scarlet collars, cuffs and lapels, white buttonhole lace on lapels two on each side of the collar and three on each cuff - without buttons , white turnbacks, waistcoat and pantaloons, silver buttons and aiguillette; and a shako with a silver plate, red pompon and white plume, Academia Militar de Tarragona Formed in , it consisted of cadets, and helped in the defence of the city in The uniform was a blue coatee with blue collars, cuffs, lapels and turnbacks, white piping edging the facings, silver buttons and aiguillette; grey and white pantaloons, and a shako with a silver plate and a sky blue pompon.
Escuela Militar de Murcia Formed in with infantry cadets from the Army of Murcia, it had two companies of 80 and cadets each. The uniform was a blue coat with blue cuff flaps, scarlet collar, cuffs, lapels and turnbacks, white buttonhole lace, white piping, silver buttons, epaulettes without fringes and aiguillette; a while waistcoat and pantaloons, and a shako with black cords and a while pompon. Academia de Caballeria de San Felipe de Jativa Formed in with cavalry cadets from the Army of Murcia, it was incorporated into the. Military College of Murcia in The uniform was a blue singlebreasted coat with scarlet collar, pointed cuffs and piping, sky blue three-pointed collar patches, silver buttons, epaulettes without fringes and aiguillette; blue pantaloons piped scarlet and strapped with leather, and a bicorn laced white.
Real Colegio Militar de Santiago Created in March , consisting of 22 cadets who boarded at this college. The uniform was an all-blue singlebreasted coatee, with red piping edging collar, cuffs, cuff flaps, down the front and turnbacks, gold buttons and aiguillette; white pantaloons, and a shako with a gilt plate and a red pompon. Real Escuela Militar de Santiago Created in March , this institution had three companies of cadets who lived out. T h e uniform was a blue coatee, with blue lapels and cuff flaps, a sky blue collar, cuffs, and piping edging the lapels and cuff flaps, silver buttons and aiguillette; white or blue pantaloons piped sky blue, a n d a shako with silver initials set within a scroll inscribed 'R.
The uniform was a blue coatee with red collar and cuffs, white lapels, white pantaloons, and a bicorn. Real Colegio Militar de Palma de Mallorca Organized in as a onecompany unit of cadets, it was incorporated into the Tarragona Military College in The uniform was a blue coatee with yellow collar, cuffs and piping, silver buttons and aiguillette, a silver epaulette strap without a fringe on the right shoulder, white or blue pantaloons, and a bicorn. The French invasion of did not completely vanquish the remnants of the battered Spanish fleet.
It managed to keep open some communications between Cadiz, the Navy's main base, and the Spanish colonies. The marine battalions saw a great deal of service alongside the army, fighting their country's former ally between and Officer, Batallon de Infanteria de Canarias, The battalion arrived in Cadiz from the Canary Islands on 24 April , saw some inconclusive action during the Talavera campaign, and was ordered back to Cadiz in January The dress uniform shown was a white coat with red collar cuffs, piping and buttonhole lace on lapels, green lapels and piping edging the collar and cuffs, silver epaulettes, white breeches, and a black shako with silver lace.
Naval officers and sailors The dress of naval officers did not change during this period, remaining as described in MAA It is interesting to note the appearance of British-made Spanish Navy buttons from From the end of the 18th century Spanish sailors had a clothing issue, similar to the 'slop' clothing of other nations. It was, however, often of brown cloth as well as blue.
In May and June of the provisional government in Cadiz issued instructions so that sailors on ships going to America would not be destitute. Every two years each sailor was to receive a cap, a jacket, a waistcoat, a pair of 'wide' trousers, shins, stockings and shoes; the colour was to be that of the cloth furnished. An order of 24 June specified that the jacket and wide trousers were to be blue, the waistcoat white, and the cap blue; there was also a round hat of felt or straw.
While blue was worn by some crews, as was the case for the frigate. The brown jacket has red collar, cuffs, piping and buttonhole lace on the lapels, green lapels and piping edging the collar and cuffs, and silver epaulettes; it is worn with white breeches and a black shako with silver lace and a red plume. Perla, brown cloth was often used, no doubt because of supply problems. In the naval stores at Sevilla report over 2, brown sailors' jackets and trousers.
In the standard sailor's dress was a brown jacket, brown trousers, serge waistcoat, striped linen shirt, blue cap and a pair of shoes. Despite the angle this portrait is a useful source. He wears a blue coat with scarlet collar, cuffs and lapels, silver buttons and lace, and white waistcoat and breeches. Museo de Artilleria, Segovia. Marine Infantry and Artillery From December there were only four marine battalions.
However, in January the Navy regrouped and expanded its marine corps into five regiments of two battalions each; and a sixth regiment of three battalions was formed from that September. In July the 1st Battalion of the 4th Regiment was destroyed at Tortosa and its remaining companies were incorporated into the 5th at Cartagena. The Marine Infantry's traditional uniform was blue laced with red, but because of shortages due to the French invasion uniforms tended to be plain during see Plate B.go to site
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An order of 11 February decreed that the uniform of Marine Infantry regiments was to be a blue coatee with scarlet collar, cuffs, turnbacks and piping, blue three-button cuff flaps piped scarlet, three broad yellow laces on the chest, and brass buttons and anchors on the collar; blue pantaloons, and a stovepipe shako with a brass anchor and a short red plume.
This elaborate uniform may only have been worn to a limited extent, however, since a clothing contract of November for the 1st Regiment specified an all-blue single-breasted coatee with brass anchors on each side of the collar, brass buttons, blue pantaloons, black half-matters and shoes. Headgear consisted of a shako and a blue forage cap piped scarlet with an anchor badge.
The corps of Marine Artillery also simplified its dress see Plate H. Navy administration and medical staff Naval administrative staff included intendants, commissaries, paymasters, accountants and storekeepers. These services were based in the Spanish ports that remained unoccupied by the French, such as Cadiz and colonial naval bases such as Havana, Cuba; In and for years to come these various officials had a basic common uniform: a blue coat and breeches, scarlet collars, cuffs, turnbacks and waistcoat, and gold buttons.
Intendants had one row of broad gold twisted lace edging the coat, collar, cuffs and waistcoat, and a laced hat: commissaries and other officials had gold embroidered buttonholes on the coat and waistcoat, gold stars on the turnbacks, and an unlaced hat. From 10 July naval surgeons wore blue coats with scarlet collars, cuffs and lapels, gold buttons, no epaulettes, narrow gold lace edging the cuffs and collar, a white waistcoat and breeches, and a plain bicorn hat.
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There was also an elaborate system of lacing for professional staff at the Naval Royal Medical College in Cadiz. Officer in undress uniform, Batallon de Grenaderos de la Isla de Canaria, Brown jacket and trousers, red collar, cuffs and piping, and plain black round hat. Books and articles Barcel, Rubi, B. V to VIII. Hugo, A. Officer, Batallon de Grenaderos de la Isla de Canaria, The Canarias Provincial Militia formed a battalion of grenadiers in which arrived in Cadiz on 29 March Deployed to help serve the city's artillery, it won distinction for its services in the forward batteries and at the battle of Chiclana in The uniform consisted of a white jacket and trousers, red collar, cuffs and piping, gold epaulettes, and a plain black round hat.
Henri de Brandt, a Polish officer with the French army, recalled the scene: 'We had been there for an hour when the first elements of those who had so valiantly defended Zaragoza appeared. They were mostly youths of sixteen to eighteen years old, without uniforms, wearing grey greatcoats and red cockades.
While casualty smoking their cigarettes, they lined up in front of our ranks. The majority of the troops followed them closely. These were men of all ages and all conditions. A few had uniforms but the greater number wore peasants' clothes The officers were only distinguished from their men by being mounted on mules and wearing large bicorns and long cloaks'.
This must be one of the earliest mentions of cigarettes. A2: Fusilier, Extremadura Infantry Regiment, Over men of the regiment were part of the Zaragoza garrison and were practically wiped out during the second siege. At this time most of the older regiments in the army still wore the regulation uniform see MAA , which for Extremadura was white with crimson collar, cuffs, cuff taps, lapels and piping with brass buttons, a bicorn with red plume and black gaiters. They fought heroically during both sieges of the city, being destroyed in the terrible second siege ending in February The uniform was a blue coatee with a scarlet collar with two white laces no buttons , scarlet turnbacks, sky blue lapels and cuffs piped white, blue breeches, and a round hat with a white band.
Bueno, Uniformes At left, a trooper of the Coraceros Espaoles, ; see Plate G for uniform colours. At right, a lancer of Downie's Extremadura Legion, ; he wears a blue coatee with yellow pointed cuffs, collar and turnbacks, green lapels, scarlet piping, brass shoulder scales and buttons; blue pantaloons with a yellow stripe and brass buttons; and a black shako with a yellow top band, a red pompon, brass plate and chin scales.
The housings are blue edged with yellow lace and red outer piping; the lance pennon is red. B1: Fusilier, 4th Marine Regiment, c. They probably also had round hats, brass buttons and a brass anchor collar badge. It took part in the defence of Barcelona in December and later saw much action in Aragon and Catalonia.
It was destroyed in desperate defensive fighting during the French assault on Tarragona on 28 June The uniform was a brown coatee with scarlet collar, cuffs, lapels and piping, brown pantaloons, a round hat perhaps with the brim turned up on the left and a yellow cockade loop, and black accoutrements. Conde de Clonard, Historia Organica It was incorporated into the Walloon Guards on 24 August Sergeant Juan de Murias recalled that in May , while with the Asturias army at Contrueces, Gijon, the regiment was issued British-made white jackets with scarlet collars, cuffs and piping, gold buttons, white breeches, and white forage caps with a red band.
Juan de Murias, Historial del Regimiento de Castropol, C 1 : Fusilier, Mina's 1st Battalion of Alava, Don Francisco Espoz y Mina's three guerrilla battalions wore a black round hat with a scarlet cockade, a brown jacket with. The men were mostly armed with French muskets, and had black or brown ventral cartridge boxes.
Linen hunting haversacks were carried at the side. Based on a Dennis Dighton watercolour caricature in the Royal Collection of 'Jose de Espin, one of Don Juan Martin's chiefs', the figure has a green jacket with black collar and cuffs, silver piping, lace, and death's-head collar badges, silver buttons, black trousers with small silver buttons, and a greyish round hat with a silver plate and badge.
C3: Trooper, Navarra Hussars, The Husares de Navarra were raised from 1 January by Espoz y Mina, with an establishment of four squadrons totalling men. It was incorporated into the Calatrava Cavalry Regiment on 27 September The uniform was an emerald green. New Spanish Infantry regiments raised in and ; from left to right: Voluntarios de la Patria - green coatee with green lapels, cuffs and turnbacks, scarlet collar and cuff flaps, yellow piping, brass buttons, white waistcoat and breeches, and shako with brass plate, yellow band and cords and red plume.
Leales de Fernando VII - sky blue coatee and trousers with scarlet collar, cuffs and piping, pewter buttons, and shako with brass plate, yellow band and cords and red plume. Officer, Santa F - sky blue coat, waistcoat and trousers, green cuffs and lapels, violet collar, cuff flaps and piping, silver buttons and epaulettes, and shako with silver plate and band and red pompon. La Muerte - green coatee with blue collar, cuffs and piping, pewter buttons, grey trousers, and shako with white metal death's-head, red cockade and green pompon.
Voluntarios de la Victoria - brown coatee and breeches, scarlet collar bearing brass anchor badge scarlet cuffs and lapels, brass buttons, tan gaiters, and black round hat with brass plate and red cockade. D1: Trooper, Coraceros Espanoles, The 'Spanish Cuirassiers' were organized on 24 May in Reus, Tarragona, with an establishment of six companies of 70 men each, divided into two squadrons. The unit fought with distinction in several engagements.
They were equipped with weapons, cuirasses and helmets captured by the Numancia Dragoon Regiment from the French 13th Cuirassiers at the battle of Mollet in , though only one squadron received the cuirass and helmet. The uniform was a red coatee with green collar and cuffs, white piping and turnbacks, pewter buttons, white pantaloons, black high boots and a white cape.
The white sheepskins were edged with red 'wolfsteeth', and the green housings with white lace. Conde de Clonard, Album de la Caballeria The shakos sent from England had cockades but no plates. Muskets with bayonets and black accoutrements were also sent. The other served on as a. A range of guerrilla costumes, according to a French print. The better-dressed figure at the left is clearly a leader, shown with a couple of his men; the central figure may have some remnant of military uniform or at least urban dress, while the other wears the most basic peasant costume.
In February , the regimental drum-major was assigned a blue coat with scarlet collar, cuffs, lapels and turnbacks, gold buttons and gold lace trim MN, Ms They were reorganized as the squadron of Daroca Hussars on 30 April by the order of the Junta of Aragon, augmented to two squadrons in August. The unit was renamed Husares Provinciales de Aragon, with four squadrons, on 6 April They saw much action in Aragon and, from , in Valencia. The unit was attached to Whittingham's Division on 2 March From to they wore blue dolmans with scarlet collar and cuffs, white cords and lace, pewter buttons, pantaloons probably blue, a Tarleton-style helmet of black leather with a black crest, and a brown cape with red collar and linen lining.
E3: Fusilier, 3rd Catalonian Legion, The four Catalonian Legions raised from the end of had sky blue coats and pantaloons, white waistcoats, pewter burtons, no gaiters, and round hats. The coat had distinctive facings as follows: 1st Legion, scarlet lapels, collar, cuffs and piping; 2nd Legion, sky blue lapels, scarlet collar, cuffs and piping; 3rd Legion, black lapels, collar and cuffs, scarlet piping; 4th Legion, sky due lapels, black collar and cuffs.
Light infantry units in the legions wore the same, but had short-tailed coatees instead of long-tailed coats. The sappers had yellow lapels, collars and cuffs. The light cavalry had sky blue dolmans, pantaloons and capes, with black collar and cuffs for the 1st Squadron and crimson for the 2nd. Boletin de le Agrupacion F1: Colonel, Cuerpo del Estado Mayor, For full dress General Staff Corps officers wore a blue singlebreasted coat with sky blue collar and cuffs edged with gold lace, gold buttons, a sky blue sash around the waist, a white waistcoat and breeches, and blue pantaloons when mounted.
On campaign, these officers could also wear a blue dolman with sky blue collar and cuffs edged gold, three. The rank is shown on the cuffs: three gold laces for a captain below a silver embroidered lace for a brigadier. Museo Naval, Madrid. Top row, left to right: gilt Spanish made, gilt British made, gilt British made.
Bottom row, left to right: brass Spanish made, gilt British made, gilt British made. At right is an officer of the Royal Corps of Artillery. Print after Martinet. Their headgear would have been a bicorn hat laced with gold for dress, and a plain bicorn in the field. F2: Militia Corporal, Alarmas Gallegas, c. While almost everyone was dressed in civilian and peasant costumes, it recommended that all should wear the Cross of Santiago on the breast of their coats, in gold lace for a commandant, silver lace for his subaltern officers, red cloth for a captain sergeant , and white for a corporal.
The rest of the men were to have the red cross on the upper left sleeve. Note the belly pouch with brass pricker, and a pistol hooked to the belt on the right hip; and see above for sleeve badge. G1: Infantry fusilier, eastern Spain, In late May '8, suits of light blue clothing and 12, pairs of half-gaiters, ordered last December for the corps to be raised in Majorca' were shipped from Britain. Of these, there were 5, jackets, waistcoats and pantaloons intended for infantry of the line, including 2, suits having red facings and '2, suits faced with yellow'.
This clothing. No shakos were mentioned, so round hats were probably used. An ample supply of calico shirts, halfstockings and shoes was also supplied, but no shakos; thus round hats were probably worn. H1: Fusilier, Toledo Regiment, c. The old yellow coat and bicorn have been exchanged for a green uniform faced with white, laced with gold, and a crested helmet. A crimson or red sash - not used by Spanish officers for a century is worn possibly in imitation of British and Portuguese officers. The regiment was nearly wiped out in the two sieges of Zaragoza, but was reorganized in Valencia in the spring of , moved up to Catalonia in July, and fought many skirmishes there.
It also fought at the battle of Sagunto in October , and served in the Alicante, Murcia and Lerida areas from to the end of the war. Marcos Rodriguez, El Regimiento 'Numancia' en la Historia de Espaa, H3: Gunner, Marine Artillery, From November to the Marine Artillery wore a blue single-breasted coatee with scarlet collar and cuffs, brass buttons, a white waistcoat, blue pantaloons black gaiters and a round hat.
The coatee collar was ornamented on each side with a yellow flaming grenade. The corporals had gold lace edging the cuffs, the condestables or sergeants had gold-fringed epaulettes, and the drummers had livery lace on the cuffs only MN, Ms Read Free For 30 Days. Spanish Army of the Napoleonic Wars 2 Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Spanish Army of the Napoleonic Wars I Jump to Page.